Sunday, 6 October 2013

The Prohibition Of Employment As Manual Scavengers And Their Rehabilitation Bill, 2012

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Current Status: Passed by Lok Sabha on September 06, 2013; Passed by Rajya
Sabha on September 07, 2013. Ministry: Social Justice and Empowerment
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• It seeks to prohibit manual scavenging, rehabilitate those engaged in such inhuman
employment and impose stringent measures to stop such practices

• It also empowers the local authority to carry out survey of insanitary latrines and
issue notice to owners to demolish them or convert them into sanitary latrines within

a six-month period

  • Any person failing to comply with the notice would attract a penalty that would

include imprisonment up to a year or a maximum fine of Rs 50,000 or both

• The second instance of non-compliance will attract a punishment of imprisonment
up to two years or a fine up to Rs 1 lakh or both

• Subsequent contravention of the law would invite an imprisonment up to five years
or fine up to Rs 5 lakh or both

• With regard to rehabilitation of persons involved in manual scavenging, the bill
provides for residential plot allotments, their children’s education, training in a
vocational skill and a monthly stipend of Rs 3,000 during their training period,
subsidy and concessional loan for taking up alternative employment and other legal

• The state governments will constitute a monitoring panel that will advise the state
government and local authorities for effective implementation of the law
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