Sunday, 6 October 2013

The National Food Security Bill

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see our page about: SNAP-IIFT-CMAT specific g.k..
Current Status: Passed by Lok Sabha on Aug 26, 2013; passed by Rajya Sabha on
September 02, 2013. Ministry: Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
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The National Food Security Bill, 2013 gives right to subsidised food grain to 67 percent of
India's 1.2 billion people and provides for penalty for non-compliance by public servants.
The bill's salient features include:
• The Food Security Bill has special focus on the needs of poorest of the poor, women
and children

• In case of non-supply of foodgrains now people will get Food Security Allowance

• The bill provides for wide scale redressal mechanism and penalty for non compliance
by public servant or authority

• Upto 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population will have
uniform entitlement of 5 kg foodgrains per month at highly subsidized prices of Rs. 3,
Rs. 2, Rs. 1 per kg. for rice, wheat, coarse grains respectively

• It will entitle about two thirds of our 1.2 billion population to subsidised foodgrains
under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)

• The poorest of poor households would continue to receive 35 Kg foodgrains per
household per month under Antyodaya Anna Yojna at subsidized prices of Rs 3, Rs
2 and Rs 1

• The work of identification of eligible households is left to the States/UTs, which may

frame their own criteria or use Social Economic and Caste Census data
There is a special focus on nutritional support to women and children

• Pregnant women and lactating mothers, besides being entitled to nutritious meals as
per the prescribed nutritional norms will also receive maternity benefit at least of Rs.
• The Central Government will provide funds to States/UTs in case of short supply of
food grains from Central pool

• In order to address the concern of the States regarding additional financial burden,
Central Government will provide assistance to the States towards cost of intra-State
transportation, handling of foodgrains and FPS dealers’ margin

• Reforms have been initiated for doorstep delivery of foodgrains, application of
information and communication technology (ICT) including end to end
computerisation, leveraging ‘Aadhaar’ for unique identification of beneficiaries,
diversification of commodities under TPDS etc for effective implementation of the
Food Security Act

• Eldest woman of eighteen years of age or above will be head of the household for
issue of ration card, and if not available, the eldest male member is to be the head of
the household

• At the proposed coverage of entitlement, total estimated annual foodgrains
requirement is 612.3 lakh tons and corresponding estimated food subsidy for the Bill
at 2013-14 costs is about Rs.1,24,724 crore
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