Sunday, 6 October 2013

Land Acquisition Bill

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Current Status: Passed by Lok Sabha on August 29, 2013; Passed by Rajya
Sabha on September 04, 2013. Ministry: Rural Development
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  • Highlights of the Bill

• The Bill replaces the Land Acquisition Act, 1894

• Under the bill, all acquisitions require rehabilitation and resettlement to be provided
to the people affected by the acquisition

• Some of the process that future land acquisition will involve are: Social Impact
Assessment survey, preliminary notification stating the intent for acquisition, a
declaration of acquisition, and compensation to be given by a certain time

• Compensation for the owners of the acquired land shall be four times the market
value in case of rural areas and twice in case of urban areas

• In case of acquisition of land for use by private companies or public private
partnerships, consent of 80 per cent of the displaced people will be required.
Purchase of large pieces of land by private companies will require provision of
rehabilitation and resettlement

• 16 existing legislations including the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005, the Atomic
Energy Act, 1962, the Railways Act, 1989, etc will remain outside of the purview of
the bill

• To address historical injustice the Bill applies retrospectively to cases where no land

acquisition award has been made


  • Why a New Law

• Public Concern

• Heightened public concern on Land Acquisition issues

• Absence of a national law to provide for the rehabilitation & resettlement and
compensation for loss of livelihoods

• Outdated Law

• While multiple amendments have been made to the Original Act, the principal law
continues to be the same i.e. the Land Acquisition Act of 1894

• Need for Balance

• Addressing concerns of farmers and those whose livelihoods are dependent on the
land being acquired

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